Length of floor joist: L = 16 ft
Spacing of floor joist: s = 16 in.
Top of joist supported by plywood sheathing.
Floor live load: WL = 40 psf
Floor dead load: WD = 10 psf
Superimposed dead load including mechanical and electric load, WSD = 8 psf
Timber: Southern pine, moisture less than 19%, used in normal room temperature.
Refer to Design of Sawn Timber Beams or Joists article for the concepts.
Calculate Design load: W = [WD + WSD+ WL]*s = 77.3 lb/f
Design moment: M = W*L2/8 = 2475 lb-ft
Try 2x12 joist
Nominal dimension, B = 2 in, D = 12 in
Actual dimension, b = 1.5 in, d = 11.25 in
Section modulus: S = 31.64 in3, Modulus of inertia, I = 178 in4.
Bending stress: fb =M/S = 938.5 psi
Try Douglas Fir-Larch No. 1, Fb = 1000 psi
The depth to width ratio based on nominal dimension, D/B = 6
Since compressive edge is fully supported by plywood floor,
Provide solid blocking at both ends, and cross bracing at mid-span,
Maximum spacing = 8 ft, CL = 1
Repetition factor for joist: Cr = 1.15
Wet service factor: CM = 1
Temperature factor: Ct = 1
From NDS Table, size factor, CF = 1
Load duration factor for dead load: CD = 0.9
Load duration factors for live load: CD = 1.0
Other factors not applicable
Allowable stress, F’b = Fb* CD*CL* Cr* CM* Ct*CF = 1150 psi O.K.
Elastic modulus: E = 1700000 psi*CM* Ct = 1700000 psi
Deflection: D = 5*W*L4/(384*E*I) = 0.38 in < L/240 O.K.
Check shear stress
Maximum shear force. V = W*L/2 = 640 lb
Shear stress, fv = V/bd = 38 psi
Conservatively assume shear stress factor, CH = 1
Allowable shear stress, Fv = 95 psi * CD*CM* Ct *CH = 95 psi O.K.