Chrysler Building, New York: All You Need To knowArticles > Chrysler Building, New York: All You Need To know
This building was constructed between 1928-1930 by the architect William Van Allen. The height of this building is 319.5 m and it has 77 floors along with 32 elevators. This project was accomplished by the construction company William H. Reynolds and it is located in New York, USA at the intersection of Lexington Avenue and 42nd Street. This building stood as a great depicture of beauty as it comprised of eagles decorate, caps of radiators and many more. Inside, it comprises of a triangular lobby with entry and exit points by the side. It is built with structural steel and African granites along with marbles. The building was customized with automobile designs, pineapple and eagle heads. All these design specifications made this building unique stand out in various aspects.
Fig 1: Chrysler Building, New York
Courtesy: Ask Ideas
About its structure
It was made with structural steel and metal cladding that gives glazy finishing when it is viewed in the presence of sunlight. Its stunning eagle heads around the building portray a design benchmark in the construction of such a building from the civil engineering perspective and it also portrays homage American eagles in homage to the Plymouth automobile’s hood ornaments. Steel beams that were curved in shape, were used extensively for making the dome. Steel named Nirosta stainless steel was used as a coating for the exterior walls and the interior walls were of the brick dome. About 29,961 tons of steel, 3,826,000 bricks were used and this building consists of 5000 windows which were brilliantly designed. The walls of this building are not load bearing as other structural elements like beams, columns, etc. carried the load of the structure. Not only that, this building became the first building to use such a great amount of steel in construction. Dark gray and white bricks were used to attire the windows to enhance the horizontal rows of windows.
The building is shaped like a pointed needle with a decreasing diameter on top. Inside the building, the walls are coated with red Moroccan marble and the floors are Sienna colored. This building is a classic portrayal of Art Deco style starting from its streets to its terrace. It was chosen as America’s most Favorite Architecture by the American Institute of Architects.
Fig 2: Eagle heads at Chrysler Building
Courtesy: The Tower Info.com
Elements that make this building special
Apart from the fact that it was built when racing emerged among builders and architects to build the world’s tallest building, this building proved to be quite costly and this designed was considered as a usual approach towards construction since a large number of raw materials would be required to execute its design. Also, this building proved to be quite beneficial from a business perspective. Some other elements that make this building special are –
Around 4,00,000 rivets and 10,000 bulbs were used in this building. Earlier riveting was popular in steel structures but later on, welding gained traction and so riveting became scanty in construction. Till now the riveting in the building is in excellent condition with continuous supervision and monitoring.
Since this building was expensive to build, the ownership of this building was passed on to various personalities. At present, the Abu Dhabi Investment Council holds ownership of this building at about 90%.
The length of the electrical wires used in the building was 750 miles (1207.008 km) which is the distance between Chicago and New York City.
The top stories are used for radio broadcasting and other equipment as it has a very low and narrow ceiling.
The spire that is present on top of this building weighing 27 tons, took only 90 minutes to erect. It was secretly built inside the building and when the time came for completion it was erected in a very short time leaving other engineers and architects astonished, making it the tallest building.
The cost of construction of such a magnificent building was about 20 million dollars.
Fig 3: Structural Diagram of Chrystler Building which was published on Popular Science Monthly, August 1930
In the present world
In 2019, it became the 11th tallest building in New York City. Although many skyscrapers are built that surpass Chrysler building in height, it is still the tallest building in the world that is built with bricks. As for the finance section, in 2019, a real estate New York based company RFR Holding purchased this building for about 150 million dollars, hence becoming the present owner of this building. This company is owned by Aby Rosen, a New York property mogul and he conveyed his motive in transforming this building into a hotel. Earlier it was entirely an office building but now it is occupied by various tenants. In April 2019, the owner of this building also expressed his interest to incorporate an observation deck to allow people to enjoy the scenic beauty of New York City. Inspired by the design of this building, designers, engineers and architects have built other similar buildings like Sheraton IBC twin tower, Business Central Towers in Dubai and One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.
Fig 4: Interiors of Chrysler Building
Courtesy: The New York Times
Chrysler Building in New York holds a special position in the world of construction because of its uniqueness in design and symbolism. It became a landmark of civil engineering due to its beauty starting from eagle heads, use of tons of structural steel and bricks, its spiral top and so on. Not only that this building appeared in many films like Men in Black 3, Spiderman, Armageddon, The Avengers, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows and video games like Grand Theft Auto IV. It also became a National Historic Landmark and New York City Landmark. Even if many skyscrapers are built in today’s world, it will remain a landmark in civil engineering for the years to come.
The Tower Info, “Chrysler Building Facts and Information”- https://thetowerinfo.com/buildings-list/chrysler-building/#:~:text=As%20of%202019%2C%20the%20Chrysler,world%20that%20built%20with%20bricks.
Designing Buildings Wiki, “Chrysler Building”- https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Chrysler_Building
Lifestyle Lounge, “Facts About Chrysler Building”- http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/facts-about-chrysler-building-11081.html
ArchDaily, “AD Classics: Chrysler Building / William Van Alen”- https://www.archdaily.com/98222/ad-classics-chrysler-building-william-van-alen
Khan Academy, “Van Alen, The Chrysler Building”- https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-1010/architecture-design/ny-skyscrapers-landmarks/a/van-alen-chrysler-building#:~:text=At%20the%20Chrysler%20Building%2C%20the,ornaments)%20jutting%20out%20from%20the
Wikiarquitectura, “Chrysler Building”- https://en.wikiarquitectura.com/building/chrysler-building/
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