Arch Bridges: Types, Elements, and List of 10 world longest arch bridges

Articles > Arch Bridges: Types, Elements, and List of 10 world longest arch bridges

Introduction to Arch Bridges:

Arch bridges were installed just after the long-standing practice of wooden bridges. The primitive man used wooden logs and planks to bridge the gap between the two earth masses. After a gradual development and the discovery of new construction techniques, the man adopted the methods of building houses, bridges, and other infrastructure. The construction of an arch bridge is a masterpiece of creative art. The arch bridge contains an abutment-supported arch at the end of the bridge. Abutments support the deck of the bridges with the help of an arch. The arch bridge works with the balance between load and weight of the bridge and horizontal up-thrust of the arch.

Types of Arch Bridges:

Arch bridges can be classified into three types on the basis of their structural mechanism.

  1. The Basic Arch Bridges
  2. The Basic Tied Arch Bridges
  3. Stiffening Girder Arch Bridges

Structural parts/elements of an Arch Bridge:

Almost all types of arch bridges, somehow, consist of the following structural elements/parts.

World longest Arch Bridges:

As the arch bridge is among the most primitive bridges of the world, therefore, there are thousands of bridges built on initial civil engineering techniques. These bridges are very common in the countries of the Caribbean region to that of the far-east. In this article, we are going to bring the ten most popular arch bridges of the world, which gained popularity due to their length and size. Here are the ten longest arch bridges of the world:

 

Rank

 

Name of Bridge

 

Length

Material

Country

1.

Chaotianmen Bridge

552 m

steel

China

2.

Lupu Bridge

550 m

steel

China

3.

Bosideng Bridge

530 m

CFST

China

4.

New River Gorge Bridge

518 m

Steel

United States

5.

Bayonne Bridge

510 m

Steel

USA

6.

Zigui Yangtze River Bridge

508 m

CFST

China

7.

Sydney Harbour Bridge

503 m

Steel

Australia

8

Wushan Bridge

460 m

CFST

China

9.

Guantang Bridge

457 m

Steel

China

10.

Mingzhou Bridge

450 m

Steel

China

The material used in Arch Bridges:

Different types of constructive material can be used while building a bridge. The same case is with the Arch bridges. World longest arch bridges namely Chaotianmen Bridge, Lupu Bridge, Sydney Harbour Bridge of Australia, and New River Gorge Bridge was constructed with steel only. There are other bridges like Bosideng Bridge of China, Zigui Yangtze River Bridge (China), and Wushan Bridge (China) were constructed with concrete-filled steel tubes. There are some bridges like Qinglong Railway Bridge (china), Wanxian Bridge (China), Krk Bridge (Croatia), Almonte River Railway Viaduct (Spain) were constructed with concrete. While concluding the above example, arch bridges like other buildings and bridges can be constructed with any of the civil engineering construction material. It depends upon the economic and geographic factors and the will of the constructor what type of material should be used.


Read also:



Share:


Follow our official Facebook page (@civilengineeringbible) and Twitter page (@CivilEngBible) and do not miss the best civil engineering tools and articles!




Join our newsletter for a chance to win $500.

FACEBOOK | TWITTER | PRIVACY POLICY | DISCLAIMER | ABOUT US | FE Exam Preparation | VIDEOS | MATLAB-FEM.com | Work for us | TOP