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Construction Site Layout Planning Elements

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Introduction on Construction Site Layout Planning Elements :

Most construction sites that run into trouble do so for reasons related to managerial factors rather than because of technical problems. The site-based management can make significant improvements in the cost and time savings during the construction process without involving a mass of additional work. The role of site managers is to control and maintain work performance and then taking actions to rectify situations where performance is unsatisfactory.



Concepts and Formulas of Construction Site Layout Planning Elements:

 

A well-planned site including all temporary facilities and utilities lead to: 1) increasing productivity and safety, 2) reducing area(s) needed for temporary construction, and 3) maximizing utilization. The following points should be considered in good site layout

Safety:

 

Site Accessibility:

Easy accessibility will keep the morale of the equipment and vehicle drivers high, minimize the chance of accidents, and save time in maneuvering to arrive at and leave the project. In case of large projects, proper planning is required to layout the roads leading from the nearest highway. Internal roads are necessary for easy flow of work. Also, Parking Lots are provided for the owner, office, and craft personnel, but this facility must be planned where space does exist.

 

Information Signs:

 

Security:

 

Accommodation:

On large construction projects, it is necessary to provide camp accommodation for all type of staff involved in the project.

Offices:

The offices should be close together, close to the site, and in a safe area. Also, provide the offices with proper office equipment. The offices at the site may include job office, general contractor office, and sub-contractors and consultants Offices.

 

Water Supply and Sanitation:

It is necessary to have water and toilet facilities in convenient locations to accommodate the work force.

 

Material Handling:

One third or more of all construction operations can be classified as material handling. The use of proper equipment for material handling and advance planning for minimizing multiple handling will result in direct cost and time savings.

 

Storage and site cleaning:

It is necessary to plan and reserve storage areas for materials so that multiple movement of material is avoided.

 

Craft Change-Houses:

Craft change-houses provide sheltered space for craft personnel to change and store clothes, wash, and rest during waiting periods.

 

Batch plant and Fabrication Shops:

Batch plants are provided on projects where it is more economical to produce concrete on site than to buy a ready mix. Aggregate storage piles, cement silos, and admixture tanks will accompany an on-site batch plant. Shops are used where materials and equipment are fabricated on site. This includes electrical, mechanical, carpentry, and paint shops. Also, testing shops used to house the necessary testing equipment and personnel for the project.

 


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